AC3101 - Principles of Accounting (2022/23)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2022/23|
|Module title||Principles of Accounting|
|Module level||Foundation (03)|
|Credit rating for module||30|
|School||Guildhall School of Business and Law|
|Total study hours||300|
|Running in 2022/23(Please note that module timeslots are subject to change)||No instances running in the year|
Brief description - This module focuses on the accounting requirements of business organisations for internal and external reporting and decision making. It will examine the financial and management accounting techniques and decisions for sole traders and limited companies.
Delivery - It will be delivered using lectures and seminars across the teaching year.
Assessment - It will be assessed using one in-class test on the principles of double entry bookkeeping ( 20% ), one piece of coursework on the principles of financial accounting ( 40% ) and one piece of coursework on the principles of management accounting( 40% ).
Module aims –
1. to enable students to understand the underlying principles of double entry bookkeeping, the financial and management accounting processes and to prepare/construct relevant accounting statements
2. to enable students to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of accounting information systems and how they relate to the decision making uses of financial accounting statements
3. to enable students to analyse and interpret the financial accounting statements of a limited company
4. to enable students to understand management accounting techniques and their relevance to management decision making
1. the income statement, the statement of financial position, the statement of cash flows LO1
2. accounting adjustments and double-entry bookkeeping, simple suspense and control accounts LO1
3. interpreting financial statements and capital structure ratios LO2
4. break-even analysis and budgeting LO3
5. short-term decision making with pricing and costs LO3
6. investment appraisal techniques LO3
Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity
The learning and teaching strategy for the module is based upon key principles and techniques being introduced in a weekly 1 hour lecture which students then develop and practice using seminar examples. The week-by-week content of the module runs alongside the topics covered in the core textbook. Students will use the online resource centre accompanying the textbook which has additional practice questions and answers, flashcard glossaries of key terms, multiple choice questions, PowerPoint slides and a test bank.
Students will be responsible for attempting set questions in advance of seminar groups. Reflective learning will take place in the evaluation of users needs for decision making.
On completing the module students will be able to :
1. construct a set of financial accounting statements for a sole trader and a limited company, highlight the decision making needs of external users of financial reports and
understand and effectively use the double-entry system of bookkeeping including simple suspense and control accounts
2. calculate, interpret and understand the limitations of a set of accounting ratios for a limited company
3. calculate and interpret short-term cost analysis and budgeting for internal decision making purposes and understand the principles involved in cost estimation for planning, control and decision making and use and interpret performance measurement and investment appraisal techniques for long-term decision making
The assessment strategy for the module will comprise three elements. The one in-class test will assess knowledge and understanding of double entry bookkeeping, one coursework will require students to prepare an individual report and construct final accounting statements for a limited company whilst the second coursework will assess the management accounting learning outcomes.
Carey M., Knowles C. and Towers-Clark J. Third Edition ( 2017 ) Accounting a smart approach Oxford University Press
Other Texts: Weetman, P. ( 2015 ) Financial and Management Accounting Seventh edition FT Prentice Hall
Websites: Financial Reporting Council www.frc.org.uk
Accountancy Age www.accountancyage.com
Electronic Databases: FAME financial database