module specification

AC4004 - Fundamentals of Accounting (2020/21)

Module specification Module approved to run in 2020/21
Module title Fundamentals of Accounting
Module level Certificate (04)
Credit rating for module 30
School Guildhall School of Business and Law
Total study hours 300
210 hours Guided independent study
90 hours Scheduled learning & teaching activities
Assessment components
Type Weighting Qualifying mark Description
Unseen Examination 30%   An in course test each on Financial accounting 60 minutes and Management Accounting 60 minutes.
Coursework 30%   Individual piece of coursework on interpretation of financial statements or 1,500 words maximum.
Unseen Examination 40%   An end of year examination on Management accounting of 1.50 hours
Running in 2020/21

(Please note that module timeslots are subject to change)
No instances running in the year

Module summary

The module is a Level 4 30 credit core module which is designed to lay the foundation for understanding the accounting requirements of business organisations for internal and external reporting and decision making. It examines the financial and management accounting techniques and decisions for sole traders and limited companies.

Module aims to:

1.  Enable students to understand the underlying principles of the financial and management accounting processes and to prepare/construct relevant accounting statements
2.  Enable students to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of accounting information systems and how they relate to the decision making aspects of financial accounting statements
3.  Enable students to analyse and interpret the financial accounting statements of a limited company
4.  Enable students to understand management accounting techniques and their relevance to management decision making
5.  Enable students to understand the context of the professional accountancy framework and to enhance their employability skills.


1. Students will be introduced to preparing the three main financial statements of businesses - the income statement, the statement of financial position, the statement of cash flows. LO1
2. The techniques of Marginal and absorption costing, traditional overhead accounting and activity-based costing, break-even analysis and budgeting will be used on the module to enable students to understand how and when to use them in a work environment. LO2
3. Techniques used by managers in short-term decision making with pricing, investment appraisal techniques and performance evaluation LO3

Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity

Scheduled teaching activity is a weekly one hour lecture and a two hour seminar. Independent study is supported by practical seminar questions, past exam questions practice questions in the recommended textbooks and past examination papers with suggested solutions on the websites of ACCA and CIMA.

Learning outcomes

On completing the module students will be able to :

1.  Construct a set of financial accounting statements for a sole trader and a limited company, starting from the double entry bookkeeping aspect of recording transactions, highlight the decision making needs of external users of financial reports, understand and implement the underlying concepts and conventions
2. Differentiate between marginal and absorption costing and use the relevant technique in decision making and understand the traditional and ABC approaches to job and product costing
3.  Understand the principles involved in cost estimation for planning, control and decision making and investment appraisal techniques for long-term decision making.

Assessment strategy

The assessment strategy for the module will comprise three elements.  The two in-class tests of 15% each, will assess basic financial and management accounting techniques, the coursework will require students to prepare an individual report and construct final accounting statements for a limited company and a reflective essay on the professional accountancy framework whilst the end-of-year examination will assess the management accounting learning outcomes. To pass the module, a student must obtain an overall 40% pass mark.


Textbooks :

Core textbook

Financial & Management Accounting: An Introduction
Pauline Weetman 7th edition, Pearson Education

Other Texts:
Scott, P (2018), Introduction to Accounting OUP.
Carey M., Knowles C. and Towers-Clark J.   (2016)  Accounting a smart approach Oxford University Press

Employability and Reflective resources :

Financial Reporting Council
Accountancy Age
Financial Times


Library Journal Databases :  Academic Search Complete, Business Source Ultimate, Emerald Management, Science Direct


Electronic Databases:  FAME