GI7075 - Comparative Public Policy (2017/18)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2017/18|
|Module title||Comparative Public Policy|
|Module level||Masters (07)|
|Credit rating for module||20|
|School||School of Social Sciences|
|Total study hours||200|
|Running in 2017/18||
The module will explore the explanations that have been given for the variations in policy in fields such as health, education, urban policy, etc between nations and groups of nations. It will draw on examples of policy in each area from both developing and developed nations. Students will be encouraged to research case studies in particular fields of policy and to present these. The instructional model is devoted to a comparative analysis of local policies in some of the most important social fields. The general principles of government policy are considered in turn, along with a comparative study of national economic development policy, social policy, and policy in health, education and public order. There will be special topics consisting of the basic directions of local policy (municipal development, public services and transport). Having studied the model, the students will have gained an overall impression of typical problems tackled at national level in these areas, ways of solving them in different states and the machinery of government policy in these areas.
Prior learning requirements
The module aims to provide students with a detailed understanding of:
1. The methods and approaches of comparative public policy
2 The typical problems and methods adopted by governments in each of the chosen spheres
3. The relative merits of differing explanations for variations in policies and outcomes in different countries
The aim of the course is to study foreign experience in implementing national and local policy in various fields. Investigating the practice of public administration in various fields from a comparative perspective makes it possible to identify typical reasons for the success or failure of State policy, the prerequisites for particular policies and how they impact on the methods used to implement them.
The exercises include:
• studying typical problems and typical methods of State intervention in chosen fields.
• studying specific examples of government policy in action.
• comparing different policies.
1/ Rationales for studying comparative public policy – policy transfer and lesson learning.
2/ methodologies of comparison
3/ policy making in comparative perspective
4/ policy specific comparative studies – social policy, education, health, urban policy, privatisation, public administration reform
Learning and teaching
The course material is studied through a combination of lectures and discussions and practical exercises. The lecture-discussion identifies the general features of the area of State activity under consideration, and in the practical exercises the students analyse and compare particular examples. The discussions at the seminars are organized around problem issues set out in the lectures and around presentations of particular cases by the students themselves. Blended learning is provided through Weblearn, which is used to provide a range of relevant materials to facilitate private study by students.
At the end of this course the students will be able to:
• critically evaluate examples of the implementation of government policy in chosen areas.
• be able to analyse and evaluate the stages of implementation, the results and the reasons for success or failure of national (or local) policy in specific instances,
• compare different approaches to policy policy,
• be able to place the process of formulating and implementing policy in its economic, political and sociological context,
• draw on a range of appropriate methodologies in producing valid comparisions.
Assessment is by a portfolio, submitted in week 12 for summative assessment & feedback. It will contain:
a/ a 1500 word evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the concept and practise of “policy transfer”
b/ policy variables – a 1000 word evaluation of the key variables relevant to the comparative analysis of a specific policy area – due for formative feedback week 8
c/ a 2500 word policy brief for a minister identifying the potential lessons to be learned from the experience of another country in relation to a specific policy problem.
Adolino, J and Blake, C (2010), 2nd ed, Comparing public policies: issues and choices in six industrialised countries, Washington, QC Press
Blank, RH and Burau, V (2007), 2nd ed, Comparative Health Policy, Macmillan
Cairney, P. (2012), Understanding Public Policy: theories and issues, Palgrave
Carroll, P, Common, R (eds), (2013), Policy Transfer and Learning in Public Policy and Management, Routledge.
Dodds, A, (2013), Comparative Public Policy, Palgrave.
Evans, M & Buller, J, (2004) Policy Transfer in Global Perspective, Ashgate
Knill, C & Tosun, J, (2012), Public Policy: A new Introduction, Palgrave
Michael Marinetto (1999), Studies of the Policy Process, A case analysis, Prentice Hall Europe.
O’Neil & Rogowski (2010), Essential Readings in Comparative Politics, 3rd ed, Norton.
Pollitt, C and Bouckaert, G (2004), Public Management Reform: a comparative analysis, Oxford UP
Rose, R (2004), Learning lessons in Comparative Public Policy: a guide to analysis, Routledge