module specification

LL6001 - Equity and Trusts (2021/22)

Module specification Module approved to run in 2021/22
Module status DELETED (This module is no longer running)
Module title Equity and Trusts
Module level Honours (06)
Credit rating for module 30
School Guildhall School of Business and Law
Total study hours 300
219 hours Guided independent study
81 hours Scheduled learning & teaching activities
Assessment components
Type Weighting Qualifying mark Description
Coursework 50%   Legal Drafting Exercise
Unseen Examination 50%   Time Constrained Examination
Running in 2021/22

(Please note that module timeslots are subject to change)
Period Campus Day Time Module Leader
Year North Tuesday Afternoon

Module summary

The Law of Equity and Trusts is a core module for the LL.B. courses, which introduces students to the key principles of the law relating to equity, trusts and the administration of estates. It is one of the foundation subjects of English Law, as identified by the professional legal bodies, the Solicitors Regulation Authority and the Bar Standards Board.

It introduces and builds up a critical understanding of the legal concepts regarding the resolution of issues of property ownership.

Trusts, including settlements, charities and pension funds, play a vital part in the economic life of the country and are increasingly recognised as indispensable modes of wealth protection or asset mobilisation throughout the world.

The module aims to develop several key transferable skills including independent research, critical analysis, legal drafting and academic writing in the context of the law of equity and trusts, emphasising the use of primary and secondary sources of law.

Student employability will be enhanced by the development both of these skills, and by
the practise of written and oral communication skills and group participation skills.

Prior learning requirements

Students must have passed LL5004


1.  Nature and Classification of Equitable Rights           LO 1 and 2                           

The Nature of Equitable Rights and the relationship of Common Law and Equity
Trusts: definition, early history, classification and functions of the trusts in the modern economy.
Liability of fiduciaries for secret profits
Constructive trusts and liability to account.
Equitable charges
Equitable rights in land
Mere equities.

2.  Transfers of Property Rights                                   LO 1 and 2

Legal Title
Passing of legal title to goods by sale or gift.
Assignment and negotiation of choses in action.

Equitable Title
Dispositions of and priority between equitable interests.
Formalities and certainties for creation of express trusts.
Incomplete dispositions
Specific Performance
Constructive trusts arising from specifically enforceable contracts to sell.
Incomplete voluntary transfers.
Resulting trusts.

3.  Security and Restitution                                     LO 1 and 2

Retention of legal or equitable title
Proprietary remedies; tracing at law and in equity.
Intermeddling: trustees de son tort
Receivers from fiduciaries
Fraudulent assistance.
4.  The Family Home

Co-Ownership Of Land
Creation at common law and /or in equity (including resulting and constructive trusts)

5.  Property and Wealth Preservation                         LO 1 and 2

Taxation and trusts
Trusts for successive interests
Maintenance and accumulation trusts
Protective and discretionary trusts
Trusts of Land: strict settlements and trusts for sale
Advancements and variation of trusts
Management of funds: fiduciary duty, duty of care, investments, trustees powers

Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity

Learning & Teaching Strategy

Weekly two-hour lecture and one-hour seminar. 

The lecture will be used for:

Dissemination of knowledge through an overview of each topic with detailed guidance on appropriate aspects;
An introduction to relevant academic literature;
Guidance on learning strategies;
Use of blackboard and IT resources;
Whole group questions and discussion.

The seminar will be used for:

Development of skills necessary to attain the module learning outcomes through:
Written and oral questions/answers designed to reinforce fundamental rules/principles/cases;
A range of step by step writing exercises;
IT tasks such as research of cases and statutes
Critical analysis
Legal writing

Blended Learning

All learning materials, previous examination questions and sample Q/A’s will be on blackboard for use in directed private study.

Student engagement will be encouraged in both lectures and seminars through weekly use of Weblearn for access to all of the above materials.

There will be required use of the professional legal databases, especially Westlaw and Lexis Library, for legal research

Opportunities for reflective learning/pdp

Each weekly seminar will contain space for students to reflect on what they have learnt in relation to the overall syllabus. There will be frequent feedback opportunities structured into the timetable and a range of sample answers posted onto Weblearn.


Employability strategy will aim to acquaint students with a range of employment avenues both in the legal profession and in those professions into which legal qualifications and skills are transferable.

Student’s Study Responsibilities

The need for attendance, punctuality, preparation and engagement will be emphasised with particular reference to written and IT research, problem-solving, team-work, discussion, debate and critical awareness of the subject.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

1. Independently research and appraise a contentious case-study within the law of equity and trusts and to draft professional style legal documents in relation to the issues arising.

2. Demonstrate the ability to propose analytical solutions to legal problems and to assess, appraise and critically analyse contemporary issues relating to the law of equity and trusts in a time-constrained environment.

Assessment strategy

Description of assessment items.

1. Legal Drafting Exercise

The students will draft preparatory legal documents relating to a realistic case-study involving issues of the law of equity and trusts.

2. Time Constrained Examination

Written examination to demonstrate the ability to solve legal problems and critically analyse contemporary issues relating to the law of equity and trusts in a time-constrained environment.


Core Texts:
Pearce, R, Stevens J and Barr, W Law of Trusts and Equitable Obligations (OUP)

Other Texts:

Edwards, R, and N Stockwell, Trusts and Equity  (Pearson Longman )
Martin, JE, Equity and Trusts, (Thomson Sweet & Maxwell)
Warner-Reed, E, Equity and Trusts (Living Law series) (Pearson Longman)
Watt, G, Trusts and Equity (OUP)


Law Quarterly Review

Electronic Databases:

Westlaw and Lexis Library