LT3007 - Tourism and Economic Development Policy (2017/18)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2017/18, but may be subject to modification|
|Module title||Tourism and Economic Development Policy|
|Module level||Honours (06)|
|Credit rating for module||15|
|School||London Metropolitan Business School|
|Running in 2017/18||
This module provides students with a knowledge of planning approaches to minimise the negative social, political and economic consequences of tourism development, and foster more positive impacts. It includes coverage of political economy perspectives, in which the fundamental inequities in the distribution of wealth from tourism are evaluated. The module has an international perspective, and focuses mainly on less developed countries in which the negative impacts of tourism are most severely felt. Examples from both 'developed' and 'less developed' countries are used to illustrate best and worst practice in this area.
Prior learning requirements
LT1006N Tourism & Travel Systems
• To introduce theoretical approaches to tourism planning and development and the practical role of policies and policy formation in guiding tourism development
• To develop knowledge of the institutional framework within which tourism policy is formulted, including the role of the public sector, private sector, and voluntary sector
• To provide an understanding of the role of tourism in economic development strategies, including the positive and negative economic impacts of the industry;
• To develop skills in tourism plan analysis, drafting and monitoring.
• To introduce the principles of the sustainable approach to tourism planning, including community involvement
The principal graduate attribute focused upon in the module is A3
The course begins with a discussion on use of political economy perspectives in assessing the equity and effectiveness of tourism policy. The role of the public, private and voluntary sector within tourism is considered. The course focuses particularly on planning to enhance the positive impacts of tourism on economies, and the various policy instruments that be applied to successfully include local communities in the benefits of tourism.
Learning and teaching
Teaching will be delivered through lectures and seminars, and independent learning. Lectures will, each week, last for one hour, and cover the core subjects outlined in the syllabus. They will focus on planning theory and real-life planning examples. The seminars will explore theory and practice in greater depth, involving interactive group work.
The independent learning will be undertaken particularly in the preparation of the coursework, which will give the student opportunity to cover particular aspects of tourism planning and economic development policy in more depth, according to their assignment emphasis.
On successful completion of this module students will be able to
1. Demonstrate an understanding of tourism policy and policy instruments, and the institutional framework within which policy is formulated (A2)
2. Identify and discuss the advantages and difficulties associated with various forms of tourism development in relation to their impacts upon the destination communities (i.e. economic, social and environmental considerations) (A3).
3. Demonstrate an understanding of the problems that unplanned or badly planned tourism can create for host communities, and an ability to apply tourism planning theory to mitigate the impact of these problems (A3)
4. Outline the various roles of key tourism policy stakeholders, and devise appropriate strategies for the inclusion of local communities within tourism plans (A3)
The course is assessed through a mid-term test and a 3,000 word coursework essay. The mid-term test is an assessment of key concepts, principles and theories, while the essay involves students in applying their knowledge of planning to a real-life situation, with a view to identifying policy instruments that can be utilised to bring greater positive economic benefits to the local community.
Gunn, A. (2002) Tourism Planning: Basics, Concepts, Cases. 4th Edn. London: Routledge
Hall, C.M. (2000) Tourism Planning: Policies, Processes and Relationships. Longman
Harris, R; Griffin, T and Williams, P (2002) (eds.) Sustainable Tourism: A global perspective, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford
Harrison, D. (Ed.) (2001) Tourism and the Less Developed Countries: Issues and Case Studies. Cognizant
Inskeep, E. (1997) Tourism Planning: An Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. Wiley
Mason, P (2003) Tourism Impacts, Planning and Management, London: Butterworth-Heinemann
Mowforth, M & I. Munt (1998) Tourism and Sustainability: New Tourism in the Third World. London: Routledge
Sharpley, R. & D. Telfer (Eds) (2002) Tourism & Development: Concepts and Issues. Cleveland, UK: Channel View Publications [KEY TEXT]
WTO (2002) Tourism and Poverty Alleviation, Madrid: WTO
WTO (1994) National and regional tourism planning: methodologies and case studies, London: Routledge