SC4001 - Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (2021/22)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2021/22|
|Module title||Introduction to the Criminal Justice System|
|Module level||Certificate (04)|
|Credit rating for module||30|
|School||School of Social Sciences|
|Total study hours||300|
|Running in 2021/22||
This module introduces students to the scope and functions of the Criminal Justice System (CJS) in England and Wales. It provides a broad overview of the mechanisms and aims of the CJS upon which students can build a more detailed knowledge of criminal justice policies, crime control, punishment and social control by the state, at levels 5 and 6. The module also specifically provides students with an introductory picture of the extent of officially recorded crime.
The module aims to:
1. Provide students with a solid grounding in the field upon which to build a grasp of issues relating to criminal justice
2. Review the historical development, structures and roles of key agencies responsible for the execution of justice in England and Wales
3. Identify key models of the Criminal Justice System such as the due process and crime control models
4. Consider recent, and significant, examples of changes in the CJS (such as the increasing levels of inter-agency cooperation)
5. Develop students’ knowledge of current policies relating to the ‘problem of crime’.
The first part of the module introduces the models of the CJS considers how these might be used to understand its role and functions. LO1
The module then set out an outline of the journey of the offender through the system from the commission of a crime to sentencing, drawing on case studies. LO2
The second part of the module identifies the structure and officially defined roles of the key agencies of criminal justice, focussing upon: LO3
• Concepts of justice and sentencing
• Diversion from custody
• Magistrates’ courts
• Crown Courts
• Police history and modernisation
• Probation history and modernisation
• ‘Bias’ in the Criminal Justice ‘System’.
The final part of the module charts some recent developments in the workings of the CJS and considers the consequences of key legislation and policy in recent years. It also considers recent and current (officially recorded) crime trends. LO4,LO5
Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity
Students learn through a variety of methods including weekly lecture workshops. Video material is provided on a range of sessions to stimulate focussed discussion. Students also spend time in guided activity including an observation of magistrates’ court functions. Blackboard is used to supply information about the module including providing students with some key readings. Seminar time is allocated for students to discuss their progress with each other and the module includes an oral report on the court observation following which students are encouraged to reflect upon the process and to compare and critically evaluate their experiences.
Students are expected to spend approximately 6 hours per week in independent study and writing.
On successful completion of this module students will be able to:
1. Describe the history, developments and functions of the key agencies within the CJS
2. Identify the key theoretical models used within academic work to characterise and justify the CJS
3. Describe recent key changes in the CJS that affect the way in which criminal justice agencies carry out their roles
4. Describe and analyse some recent and current crime trends, as recorded officially by government agencies
5. Recall and synthesise knowledge and reproduce relevant data on specified topics related to the CJS in a confined time and without access to resources.
The module is assessed by one report on an observation, one essay and one short unseen examination. The report on a court observation tests learning outcome 5. Essay questions require students to demonstrate their knowledge of the overarching aims and mechanisms of the CJS as well as their knowledge of crime trends (learning outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4). The examination tests students’ knowledge of the range of institutions and agencies which comprise the CJS and the key academic models which apply to these, and so tests students’ grasp of the context within which the CJS is located (learning outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4).
Davies M, Croall H and Tyrer J (2015) Criminal Justice fifth edition, Harlow: Pearson Longman.
Maguire, M., Morgan, R., Reiner, R. (eds.) (2012) Oxford Handbook of Criminology Fifth Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Muncie, J. (2015) ‘Youth and Crime’ (third edition), London: Sage
Newburn, T. (2017) Criminology third edition, London: Routledge
British Journal of Criminology
Criminal Justice Matters
Criminal Law Review
Howard Journal of Criminal Justice