module specification

SC4002 - Introduction to Policing (2022/23)

Module specification Module approved to run in 2022/23
Module title Introduction to Policing
Module level Certificate (04)
Credit rating for module 30
School School of Social Sciences and Professions
Total study hours 300
81 hours Scheduled learning & teaching activities
219 hours Guided independent study
Assessment components
Type Weighting Qualifying mark Description
Coursework 30%   Essay - 1500 words total
Coursework 20%   Oral Presentation
Unseen Examination 50%   Unseen exam, Multiple Choice, Short Answers in 2 hours
Running in 2022/23

(Please note that module timeslots are subject to change)
Period Campus Day Time Module Leader
Year North Thursday Afternoon

Module summary

The module gives a broad introductory overview of policing in terms of law enforcement and combating crime. It traces historically the evolutionary process of policing as a distinct function of the state. The module introduces the development of policing traditions in England and Wales in some detail and also offers a grounding for comparison with policing systems in some other jurisdictions.


1. The Emergence of Modern Police in Britain
2. Structure of the UK Police  
3. Policing Powers & Discretion
4. Police Legitimacy 
5. Police and Public Communications
6. Equality & Diversity
7. Managing Conflict

8. Community Policing
9. Zero-Tolerance Policing
10. Problem-Oriented Policing
11. Intelligence-led Policing
                  12. Policing Culture
                  13. Deviance & Corruption
                  14. Governance & Accountability

15. Police Use of Force
16. Policing Mental Health   
17. Policing Domestic Violence  
18. Policing Terrorism   
19. Policing Gangs & Violence
                  20. Future Developments in Policing

Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity

Teaching: weekly lectures followed by exercises and reflexive discussion in seminars,  based on data and key texts
Learning: Learning is supported by the WebLearn site for the module which includes lecture notes, seminar exercises, newspaper articles and longer articles and links to relevant web sites.
The lecture notes and seminar exercises are used as the initial basis for tackling a topic, but  students are encouraged to go beyond  these in preparing coursework and examination answers

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students will be able to:
1. Identify and distinguish foundations, objectives and powers of the British Police
2. Provide a basic comparative framework for understanding differing forms of policing systems.
3. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the operational effects of different paradigms of policing.
4. Understand how the police deal with managing conflict and particular crimes
5. Understand police legitimacy and accountability measures

Assessment strategy

1. Coursework addressing learning outcome 1 due in week 13: 1500 Word Essay addressing the basic foundations and challenges of policing in Britain
2. Oral Presentation due week 20 addressing different policing models and applying them in policing contexts
3. Unseen examination addressing learning outcome 1,2,3, 4 and 5 in week 30: Multiple choice and short answer
The examination will assess students’ ability to think quickly without resort to copying from other material. The exam will be designed to rely less on memorising empirical data and more on theoretical content.



Identify core and additional reading
Liaise with Library Services to confirm availability of on-line licenses in academic year

Where possible, the most current version of reading materials is used during the delivery of this module.  Comprehensive reading lists are provided to students in their handbooks.  Reading Lists will be updated annually.

Mawby, R.I., 2008. Models of policing. Handbook of policing, 2.

Murphy, P., Eckersley, P. and Ferry, L., 2017. Accountability and transparency: Police forces in England and Wales. Public Policy and Administration, 32(3), pp.197-213.

Newburn, T. ed., 2005. Policing: key readings. Cullompton: Willan.

Rowe, M., 2013. Introduction to policing. Sage.