SS7173 - Transnational Organised Crime (2019/20)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2019/20, but may be subject to modification|
|Module title||Transnational Organised Crime|
|Module level||Masters (07)|
|Credit rating for module||20|
|School||School of Social Sciences|
|Total study hours||13|
|Running in 2019/20||
This module explores the relationship between the state and terrorism and considers how the nation state has been the perpetrator and a motivating factor behind terrorist acts, as well as considering other reasons behind such acts of violence. Students will consider the role of the state as a protector of its citizens has been challenged by its own actions and by terrorist organisations including groups such as ISIS.
The module goes on to outline contemporary terrorist tactics and reviews the impact on national and international responses to terrorism
Following an introductory session the module will address the following topics:
• Identifying Transnational organised crime LO1
• Theoretical frameworks for understanding organised crime LO1
• Understanding the social and economic dynamics of organised crime LO3
• Drug smuggling LO2, LO3
• Weapons trading and smuggling LO2, LO3
• People trafficking LO2, LO3
• Cybercrime LO2, LO3
• Money laundering and fraud LO2, LO3
• International responses to transnational organised crime LO4
• UK responses to organised crime LO4
Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity
Teaching sessions consist of a series of lectures and seminar group sessions in which students are encouraged to explore the political, strategic and tactical complexities of terrorism and counter terrorism. Students draw upon case studies and examine actual operational scenarios. Module materials will be made available on Blackboard (Web-learn) and opportunities for personal development planning are provided in seminar contexts. Students are expected to undertake 10 hours of independent study per week.
This module will also be delivered through the use of distance learning strategies as follows:
• E-learning: delivered using computers utilising internet technology and programming which allows the student to interact with the learning materials via chat rooms, online office hours and notice boards. The present WebLearn facilities are sufficient to cover these methods.
• Online Lectures: lectures are to be recorded digitally and placed onto WebLearn and released to the students as required.
• Written materials: Students will be provided with written materials such as articles in electronic format (e.g. pdf files). WebLearn to be used as a repository for such material.
The module aims to enhance the learners understanding of transnational organised crime through the following learning outcomes:
LO. 1 Apply various criminological theorising of the conceptualisation of organised and transnational crime including the mapping of facilitating relationships and pathways
LO.2 Outline and understand various transnational organised crime phenomena including; drug and weapon smuggling, people trafficking, cyber crime, and money laundering and fraud
LO.3 Examine the localised and international social and economic factors influencing transnational organised crime
LO.4 Critically evaluate international and UK interventions to tackle transnational organised crime
Students to write a 4,500 word essay as set by the module leader that critically evaluates our understanding of organised crime, current trends in transnational organised localised and international counter organised crime initiatives. Students will be able to focus on one element of the module, but will be expected to show that they understand the context of the wider module context
Francesca Longo, Felia Allum, Panos A. Kostakos (2015). Defining and defying organised crime: discourse, perceptions and reality. [Place of publication not identified], Routledge.
REICHEL, P. L., & ALBANESE, J. S. (2014). Handbook of transnational crime and justice. Thousand Oaks, SAGE Publications.
DIETRICH JUNG. (2005). New Wars, Old Warriors and Transnational Crime : Reflections on the Transformation of War. Cooperation and Conflict. 40, 423-434.
T. Obokata (2010)Transnational Organised Crime in international Law Oxford. UK Hart Publishing.
CARNEVALE, S., FORLATI, S., & GIOLO, O. (2017). Redefining organised crime: a challenge for the European Union?
(2018). ORGANISED CRIME IN EUROPEAN BUSINESSES. [S.l.], ROUTLEDGE.
Critical Reflections of Transnational Organized Crime, Money Laundering, and Corruption
HOLMES, L. (2007). Terrorism, corruption and organised crime: networks and linkages. Northampton, MA, Edwa
LEONG, A. V. M. (2016). The Disruption of International Organised Crime An Analysis of Legal and Non-Legal Strategies. Florence, Taylor and Francis
MITSILEGAS, V. (2003). Money laundering counter-measures in the European Union: a new paradigm of security governance versus fundamental legal principles. The Hague, Kluwer Law International.
OBOKATA, T., & PAYNE, B. (2017). Transnational organised crime: a comparative analysis.
HAUCK, P., & PETERKE, S. (2016). International law and transnational organised crime.
EDWARDS, A., & GILL, P. (2004). Transnational organised crime: perspectives on global security.
GALEOTTI, M. (2014). Global Crime Today: the Changing Face of Organised Crime. Hoboken, Taylor and Francis
JENKS, D. A. (2017). Global crime and justice.
ANDREAS, P., & GREENHILL, K. M. (2010). Sex, drugs, and body counts: the politics of numbers in global crime and conflict. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press.
BATTERSBY, P. (2014). The unlawful society: global crime and security in a complex world. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. WRIGHT, A. (2013). Organised Crime. Hoboken, Taylor and Francis
KEENE, S. D. (2012). Threat finance: disconnecting the lifeline of organised crime and terrorism. Farnham, Gower
XENAKIS, S. (2010). The politics of organised crime: theory and practice. London, Routledge.
(2015). Journal of money laundering control, volume 18-2: organised crime. London, Emerald Group
MORAN, J. (2011). Crime and corruption in new democracies: the politics of (in)security. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan.
EUROPEAN CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL RESEARCH. (2014). European review of organised crime EROC. Bath, Univ. of Bath
SHEPTYCKI, J. W. E. (2016). Transnational Organised Crime. Vol. IlII. Vol. IlII. London, SAGE Publications,
Ambos, K., 2005. Is the Development of a Common Substantive Criminal Law for Europe Possible? Some Preliminary Reflections. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 12, 173–191. https://doi.org/10.1177/1023263X0501200204
BIBES, P., 2001. Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism: Colombia, a Case Study. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 17, 243–258. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986201017003004
Bichler, G., Bush, S., Malm, A., 2015. Regulatory Foresight: Estimating Policy Effects on Transnational Illicit Markets. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 31, 297–318. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986215575138
Block, A.A., Griffin, S.P., 2002. Transnational Financial Crime: Crooked Lawyers, Tax Evasion, and Securities Fraud. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 18, 381–393. https://doi.org/10.1177/104398602237684
Brownstein, H.H., Baxi, H.R.S., Goldstein, P.J., Ryan, P.J., 1992. THE RELATIONSHIP OF DRUGS, DRUG TRAFFICKING, AND DRUG TRAFFICKERS TO HOMICIDE. Journal of Crime and Justice 15, 25–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/0735648X.1992.9721451
Carter, D.L., 1994a. International Organized Crime: Emerging Trends in Entrepreneurial Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 10, 239–266. https://doi.org/10.1177/104398629401000402
Carter, D.L., 1994b. International Organized Crime: Emerging Trends in Entrepreneurial Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 10, 239–266. https://doi.org/10.1177/104398629401000402
Choo, K., Rebovich, D., 2014. Migrant Sex Workers: An Analysis of Transnational Crime Displacement and Antitrafficking Measures. Victims & Offenders 9, 205–233. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564886.2013.872743
Clark, M., 2005. Organised Crime: Redefined for Social Policy. International Journal of Police Science & Management 7, 98–109. https://doi.org/10.1350/ijps.188.8.131.52775
Cocq, C.C., 2017. ‘Information’ and ‘intelligence’: The current divergences between national legal systems and the need for common (European) notions. New Journal of European Criminal Law 8, 352–373. https://doi.org/10.1177/2032284417723098
Edwards, A., Gill, P., 2002. The Politics of ‘Transnational Organized Crime’: Discourse, Reflexivity and the Narration of ‘Threat.’ The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 4, 245–270. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-856X.t01-1-00004
Fazey, C., 2007. International Policy on Illicit Drug Trafficking: The Formal and Informal
Mechanisms. Journal of Drug Issues 37, 755–779. https://doi.org/10.1177/002204260703700402
Ferola, L., 2000. Facing the Emerging Challenges of Transnational Crime: What Role for the European Union? A Legal Analysis of its Instruments, Limits and Perspectives. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 7, 358–374. https://doi.org/10.1177/1023263X0000700403
Geis, G., Brown, G.C., 2008. The Transnational Traffic in Human Body Parts. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 24, 212–224. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986208318207
Gerber, J., Jensen, E.L., 2000. Controlling Transnational Corporations: The Role of Governmental Entities and Grassroots Organizations in Combating White-Collar Crime. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 44, 692–713. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X00446006
Goodey, J., 2003. Migration, Crime and Victimhood: Responses to Sex Trafficking in the EU. Punishment & Society 5, 415–431. https://doi.org/10.1177/14624745030054003
Harfield, C., 2008. The organization of “organized crime policing” and its international context. Criminology & Criminal Justice 8, 483–507. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895808096472
Hughes, D.M., Chon, K.Y., Ellerman, D.P., 2007. Modern-Day Comfort Women: The U.S. Military, Transnational Crime, and the Trafficking of Women. Violence Against Women 13, 901–922. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801207305218
Kenney, M., 2007. The Architecture of Drug Trafficking: Network Forms of Organisation in the Colombian Cocaine Trade. Global Crime 8, 233–259. https://doi.org/10.1080/17440570701507794
KING, L.E., RAY, J.M., 2000. Developing Transnational Law Enforcement Cooperation: The FBI Training Initiatives. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 16, 386–408. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986200016004003
Kleemans, E.R., 2013. Organized crime and the visible hand: A theoretical critique on the economic analysis of organized crime. Criminology & Criminal Justice 13, 615–629. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895812465296
Kleemans, E.R., Poot, C.J. de, 2008. Criminal Careers in Organized Crime and Social Opportunity Structure. European Journal of Criminology 5, 69–98. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370807084225
Knight, F.W., 2012. Drugged Out. Globalization and Jamaica’s Resilience to Drug Trafficking. Journal of Borderlands Studies 27, 105–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/08865655.2012.676784
Koppen, M.V. van, Poot, C.J. de, Blokland, A.A.J., 2010. Comparing Criminal Careers of Organized Crime Offenders and General Offenders. European Journal of Criminology 7, 356–374. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370810373730
Lampe, K. von, 2011. The application of the framework of Situational Crime Prevention to ‘organized crime.’ Criminology & Criminal Justice 11, 145–163. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895811398459
Lord, N., 2016. Establishing enforcement legitimacy in the pursuit of rule-breaking ‘global elites’: The case of transnational corporate bribery. Theoretical Criminology 20, 376–399. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480615605560
Lord, N., Levi, M., 2017. Organizing the finances for and the finances from transnational corporate bribery. European Journal of Criminology 14, 365–389. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370816661740
Lowenheim, O., 2002. Transnational Criminal Organizations and Security: The Case against Inflating the Threat. International Journal 57, 513–536. https://doi.org/10.1177/002070200205700402
Mackarel, M., 2007. ‘Surrendering’ the Fugitive—The European Arrest Warrant and the United Kingdom. The Journal of Criminal Law 71, 362–381. https://doi.org/10.1350/jcla.2007.71.4.362
McCulloch, J., 2016. James Sheptycki (ed.), Transnational crime (4 Vols.). Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 49, 305–307. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004865815616532
Murataya, R., Chacon, S., Gonzalez, Z., 2013. The relationship between Mexican drug trafficking organizations and corruption in the Mexican criminal justice and political systems: a review essay. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 37, 341–358. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924036.2013.763685
Okundaye, J., 1999. Drug trafficking and addiction among low-income urban youths: An ecological perspective. Journal of Children and Poverty 5, 21–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/10796129908413957
Pain, E.A., 2009. Processes of Interethnic Cooperation. Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia 48, 76–90. https://doi.org/10.2753/AAE1061-1959480303
Rothe, D.L., Collins, V., 2011. An Exploration of Applying System Criminality to Arms Trafficking. International Criminal Justice Review 21, 22–38. https://doi.org/10.1177/1057567710392572
SCHLEGEL, K., 2000a. Transnational Crime: Implications for Local Law Enforcement. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 16, 365–385. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986200016004002
Schneider, F., 2013. The Financial Flows of Transnational Crime and Tax Fraud in OECD Countries: What Do We (Not) Know? Public Finance Review 41, 677–707. https://doi.org/10.1177/1091142113482569
Srikanth, H., 2016b. Combating Transnational Crimes in the Era of Globalization: Strategies for India and the ASEAN. International Studies 53, 91–104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020881717728157
Vellinga, M., 2004. Some Observations on Changing Business Practices in Drug Trafficking: The Andean experience. Global Crime 6, 374–386. https://doi.org/10.1080/17440570500274273
Williams, P., 2012. The Terrorism Debate Over Mexican Drug Trafficking Violence. Terrorism and Political Violence 24, 259–278. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2011.653019
Williams, P., Black, S., 1994. Transnational threats: Drug trafficking and weapons proliferation. Contemporary Security Policy 15, 127–151. https://doi.org/10.1080/13523269408404060
Wilson, J.M., Dalton, E., 2008. Human Trafficking in the Heartland: Variation in Law Enforcement Awareness and Response. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 24, 296–313. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986208318227