module specification

ST4005 - Biomechanics and Training Principles (2017/18)

Module specification Module approved to run in 2017/18
Module title Biomechanics and Training Principles
Module level Certificate (04)
Credit rating for module 30
School School of Human Sciences
Total study hours 300
206 hours Guided independent study
94 hours Scheduled learning & teaching activities
Assessment components
Type Weighting Qualifying mark Description
In-Course Test 20%   Lab Questions (1000 words)
Coursework 30%   Practical Report
Practical Examination 25%   In Class Test (40 minutes)
Group Presentation 25%   Group Presentation (15 minutes)
Attendance Requirement 0%   Practical Attendance
Attendance Requirement 0%   Tutorial Attendance
Running in 2017/18
Period Campus Day Time Module Leader
Year North Thursday Morning

Module summary

This module provides an introduction to the various sub-disciplines that constitute sport and exercise science.

Module aims

The aims of this module are aligned with the qualification descriptors within the Quality Assurance Agency’s Framework for Higher Educations Qualifications. This module aims to provide students with a fundamental grounding in essential sports science principles. Students are made familiar with the major sub-disciplines associated with sport and exercise science including psychology, physiology, sociology and biomechanics. The module encourages an appreciation of how focused scientific study can impact the wider world of sport. The knowledge gained in this module holds relevance for a variety of employment opportunities, particularly those within sports science, coaching and personal training.


Performance enhancement: Skill acquisition, mental skills training, video analysis, nutritional supplements, facility provision, elite sports funding
Training techniques: Plyometrics, weight training, PNF stretching, interval training, circuit training
Training principles: Frequency, duration, intensity, mode, specificity, periodisation 
Professionalism in sport and exercise science
Data interpretation
An introduction to biomechanics and the application to training principles
Sport and exercise science sub-disciplines: Key concepts pertaining to physiology, psychology, sociology

Learning and teaching

The basic structure to teaching and learning will involve a theory driven lecture supported by either an interactive seminar or a practical session. Lectures will provide the essential theoretical base, whereas seminars/practicals offer students an opportunity to apply this knowledge to sport and exercise practice.

Assessments are equally weighted and dispersed evenly across the year enabling students to gain early feedback and reflect on progress in an ongoing basis, as well as manage the workload.   Two written assignments allow students the opportunity to gain feedback on writing style, grammar and structure from the first assignment to apply to a second, heavier weighted, assignment.

Key strategies:
Lectures; Workshops/Seminars/Practicals (discussion/interaction/experiential learning); WebLearn (blended learning/information point/discussion board); Self-directed learning

Students’ study responsibilities are articulated in the FLS Staff/Student Agreement which is available via the Faculty Web site.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

  1. Identify the key concepts underpinning the core sub-disciplines of sport and exercise science
  2. Interpret basic scientific data in relation to relevant theory
  3. Describe how sport and exercise science contributes to the enhancement of athletic performance
  4. Effectively demonstrate and instruct correct training techniques
  5. Recall factual knowledge related to training principles
  6. Apply appropriate exercise training principles to specific fitness goals

Assessment strategy

Assessments are dispersed evenly across the year enabling students to gain early and continued feedback and to reflect on this on an ongoing basis.

Lab Questions (LO 2, 3, assessment tariff 1000 words): Assess ability to produce coherent answers on specific output from a lab practical.  Provides early opportunity for feedback to implement in Lab Report.
Lab Report (LO 2, 3, 4, assessment tariff 1200 words):  Assesses basic principles in sport and exercise science research.
In class test (LO 1, 5, assessment tariff: 40 minutes): Assesses fundamental concepts knowledge in sport and exercise science.
Group Presentation: Assesses ability to present and discus key techniques in sports training. (LO 4, 6, assessment tariff: 15 minutes).
There is an attendance requirement for the practical sessions.


American College of Sports Medicine (2013) ACSM's health-related physical fitness assessment manual. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
American College of Sports Medicine (2000) ACSM's Resources for the Personal Trainer. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
American College of Sports Medicine (2013) ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
American College of Sports Medicine, and Ehrman, J. K. (2010) ACSM's resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ansell, M. (2008) Personal Training. Learning Matters.
Baechle, T.R., & Earle, R.W. (2000). Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning (2nd Edition). Champaign Il: Human Kinetics. [CORE]
Barlett, R.M. (1997). Introduction to Sport Biomechanics. E & FN Spon: London.
Coackley, J., & Pike, E. (2009). Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies. McGraw-Hill.
Hall, J. (2007) Basic Biomechancs , 6th edn.  McGrawHill, New York.
Ratamess, N. A. (2012) ACSM's foundations of strength training and conditioning. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Schmidt, R.A., & Wrisberg, C.A. (2004). Motor Learning and Performance: A Problem-Based Learning Approach. Champaign Il: Human Kinetics.
Weinberg, & Gould, D. (2007). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Champaign Il: Human Kinetics.
Wilmore, J. & Costill, D. (1999). Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Champaign Il: Human Kinetics.