NF7054 - Nutrition and Food Policy (2019/20)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2019/20|
|Module title||Nutrition and Food Policy|
|Module level||Masters (07)|
|Credit rating for module||20|
|School||School of Human Sciences|
|Total study hours||200|
|Running in 2019/20||
This module aims to develop a critical understanding of the rationale for and the formulation, implementation and limitations of food, nutrition and obesity policies, in local, national and international contexts. The content of this module will draw upon prior knowledge and practical experience in basic food and nutrition science.
This module will focus on the food and nutrition issues at the population level and how they relate to chronic disease prevention and wellbeing. It will draw upon the epidemiology of nutrition-related morbidity to examine how local, UK, European, international and global food, nutrition and obesity policies and strategies are formulated, implemented and evaluated. This will be approached within a context of the wider food and public health systems and policies and the political environment. Surveillance will be examined ranging from global to local systems, with special reference to the National Child Measurement Programme. The obesogenic environment (with particular reference to the role of the food industry) will be addressed. Health promotion theory, historical and current activities including Change4Life. Fiscal policies to address the obesity epidemic will be evaluated.
Epidemiology of nutrition-related diseases – diabetes, hypertension, CHD, cancer. Economics of diet-related morbidity. Integration of evidence base with policy formulation. Healthy eating advice and behaviour (, food pyramids, EatWell Guide). Historical approach to agricultural (CAP), food, nutrition and obesity policies, nationally and globally. Governmental and other bodies responsible for policies across the food chain, eg DEFRA, DoH, PHE, FSA. NICE. The Foresight Report. Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives. The obesogenic environment. Food, nutrition and obesity surveillance – local, national, global. Public Health Observatories. National Child Measurement Programme.
Global food production, food industry and processing. Food security and sustainability. Food waste. Food product reformulation. Public Health Responsibility Deal. Food retailers and consumer-related policy. Food advertising. Psychology of consumer-retailer interaction. Food safety and health claims, including legislation. Food industry contribution to and response to obesity epidemic (versus personal responsibility). Fiscal policies – eg ‘fat tax’ or ‘sugar tax’. Food fortification policy and practice. Physical activity policy. Major policy-related agencies, including, WHO, FAO, PHE, SACN, NGO’s, charities, World Obesity, NOF, ASO, NS, WCRF, Food Ethics Council. How these bodies work collectively and individually. Trade organisations including FDF, Sugar Bureau, BNF. Politics of nutrition and obesity. Health promotion and improvement, theory and application, including social marketing, Change4Life, Let’s Move. Nudge strategy. LO1, LO2, LO3, LO4, LO5
Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity
The module will consist of a programme of lecturer-led lectures (24 hours) and tutorials (12 hours). The former will introduce students to the theoretical concepts, whilst the latter will apply these to various cases and practical examples. A proportion of the module will be devoted to tutorial support for the assessment, together with self-directed study time (162 hours).
PDP: on completion of this module students will evaluate how the module allowed them to develop skills in information technology, organisation and planning, communication, time management; they will also be asked to reflect on their ability to research literature effectively. They should record this in a pro forma that will form the basis of their final PDP record submitted with their dissertation.
Tutorials will be used to expand knowledge into both theoretical and applied areas of policy. Students will be expected to prepare for tutorial sessions by reviewing appropriate material and devoting study time.
A web-based virtual learning environment is available to support and reinforce student understanding through access to additional learning resources. Students would be expected to use the on-line resources for assisted study.
On completing the module students will be able to:
1. Interpret, critically appraise and place current agricultural, food, nutrition and obesity policies within a historical and international context of public health.
2. Identify and evaluate the statutory and voluntary organisations responsible for food, nutrition and obesity policies and guidelines at local, national and global levels.
3. Critically evaluate surveillance and health promotion strategies, initiatives, tools and policies including fiscal policies.
4. Demonstrate the food and nutrition elements of a food fortification policy and strategy.
5. Appreciate the role of food systems in nutrition-related morbidity, including retailers and advertisements.
Assessment will be via a time-constrained unseen examination (1.5h) (learning outcomes 1-5) and a 2,000 word case study report (learning outcomes 1-5). To pass the module, an aggregate mark of at least 50% must be obtained. Understanding of the subject matter; an ability, to explain, describe and discuss the work; completeness and conciseness of written reports and essays with emphasis upon critical ability and scientific rigour.
Cabinet Office, 2008. Food Matters: towards a strategy for the 21st century. London; The Strategy Unit. (core).
Department of Health, 2010.Healthy Lives, Healthy People. London; The Stationary Office. (core).
Department of Health, 2008.Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: A Cross Government Strategy for England. London; The Stationary Office. (core).
Department of Health, 2007.Foresight - Tackling Obesities - Future Choices. Government Office for Science Foresight Programme. London; The Stationary Office. (core).
Department of Health, 2005.Choosing a Better Diet: a food and health action plan. London; The Stationary office.
International Food Policy Research Institute 2013. 2012 Global Food Policy Report. Washington DC; IFPRI.
World Health Organisation, 2013.Global Nutrition Policy Review. Geneva. WHO Library.
World Health Organisation, 2000.Obesity: preventing and managing the epidemic. WHO technical report series. Geneva; WHO Library.