ST4002 - Sports Anatomy and Physiology (2016/17)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2016/17|
|Module title||Sports Anatomy and Physiology|
|Module level||Certificate (04)|
|Credit rating for module||30|
|School||School of Human Sciences|
|Total study hours||300|
|Running in 2016/17||
This module is a broadly-based introduction to human anatomy and systems physiology, with a bias towards the specific interests of those studying for sports-related degrees. The module also includes background material in chemistry, biochemistry and cell biology.
Guidance notes: Students must satisfy the practical attendance requirement in order to successfully complete the module
The aims of this module are aligned with the qualification descriptors within the Quality Assurance Agency’s Framework for Higher Educations Qualifications. This module aims to provide an introduction to human anatomy and physiology, as well as a preliminary foundation in relevant underlying areas of chemistry, biochemistry and cell biology. The module has a bias towards the specific interests of those studying for sports-related degrees. Thus the principal focus in anatomy is the musculoskeletal system, together with movement analysis and the isolation of specific muscle groups. In physiology the muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems receive greatest attention.
Principles of chemistry: atomic structure and bonding; weak and strong bonds; polar covalent bonding; molecules; solutions; properties of water; reactions and thermodynamics
Fundamentals of biochemistry: principle categories of biochemicals, their structures and properties; introduction to metabolism; biochemical reactions and catalysis; regulation of enzymes.
Cell physiology: anatomy of the generalised cell; cell membrane, cytosol, organelles. Cell division, differentiation and speciliasation. Tissues and their classification.
General anatomical principles: axes, planes and levers, bones, joints & levers. musculoskeletal anatomy. Nerves and outline of neuroanatomy of the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system
Overview of relevant concepts (e.g. biological organisation, control systems and homeostasis). Structure, function and regulation of physiological systems with emphasis on cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, endocrine, gastrointestinal and urinary systems.
Learning and teaching
The first semester is devoted to anatomy and underpinning material in biochemistry and cell biology; the second to human physiology. The material is delivered by a combination of scheduled teaching and guided independent study. Scheduled teaching comprises a lecture programme, as well as related practical classes and seminars. Practical classes include both laboratory physiology exercises and also exercises in musculoskeletal anatomy and movement analysis. Guided independent study is supported by material on Weblearn. Anatomy teaching benefits from availability of specialised software. Students are encouraged to reflect on their learning throughout the module and particularly in periodic independent-study weeks.
Students’ study responsibilities are articulated in the FLS Staff/Student Agreement which is available via the Faculty Web site.
On successful completion of this module students will be able to:
1. Understand general principles of chemistry, biochemistry and cell biology at a level sufficient to support subsequent study of physiological systems
2. Demonstrate a knowledge of the gross anatomy of the human skeletal, muscular and nervous systems, including functional aspects
3. Have a factual knowledge of structure and function in the various physiological systems, with an emphasis on those important to sports performance
4. Competently carry out some simple practical anatomical and physiological exercises, and provide coherent written reports
Achievement of the learning outcomes is assessed through a combination of coursework (50%) and examination (50%). Summative coursework will consist of one practical written report (750 words, Learning Outcomes 1,3,4) arising from experimental work carried out in the laboratory; one practical examination (15 minutes, Learning Outcome 2 – tactile skills) as well as a practical anatomy examination (15 minutes, Learning Outcome 2 – verbal skills). A written unseen examination will also be set (1.5 hours; Learning Outcomes 1,2,3). An aggregate mark of 40% or more is required to pass this module. There is an attendance requirement for the practical sessions. Failure to meet this requirement can prevent the student progressing and will require the attendance component of the module to be re-sat at the earliest opportunity. In the event of a student needing to re-sit this component they will be contacted by their Module Leader who will inform them of exactly what sessions must be re-attended. Once the re-attendance has been successfully completed the Module Leader will action the release of their module mark. Formative assessment opportunities are provided on-line.
Biel, A. (2011) Trail Guide to the Body (4th Ed.) Books of Discovery (ISBN 978-0982663400) Drake, R. L. Vogl, W. & Mitchell, A. W. M. (2009) Gray’s Anatomy for Students (2nd Ed.) Churchill Livingstone. (ISBN 978-0443069529)
Field, D. & Owen, J. (2006) Field’s Anatomy: Palpation and Surface Markings (4th Ed.) Butterworth Heinemann. (ISBN 978-0750688482)
Kenney, W.L., Wilmore, J.H. & Costill, D. (2011). Physiology of Sport & Exercise (5th Ed). Human Kinetics. (ISBN 978-0736094092)
McArdle, W.D., Katch, F.I. & Katch, V.L. (2009). Exercise Physiology (7th Ed). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. (ISBN 978-1608318599) [CORE]
Marieb, E.N. & Hoehn, K.N. (2010). Human Anatomy & Physiology (8th Ed). Pearson Education. (ISBN 978-0321584199)
Martini, F.H., Nath, J.L & Bartholomew, E.F. (2011). Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology (9th Ed). Pearson Education. (ISBN 978-0321761033)
Palastanga, N., Soames, R.W. & Field, D. (2006) Anatomy & Human Movement: Structure & Function (5th Ed.) Butterworth & Heinemann. (ISBN 978-0750688147)
Peterson, O.H. (Ed.) (2006) Lecture Notes: Human Physiology (5th Ed). Wiley-Blackwell. (ISBN 978-1405136518)
Stone RJ, and Stone JA (2011) Atlas of Skeletal Muscles (7th Ed), McGraw-Hill Higher Education. (ISBN 978-0073378169) [CORE]
Widmeier, E.P., Raff, H. & Strang, K.T. (2010). Vander’s Human Physiology (12th Ed). McGraw-Hill Higher Education. (ISBN 978-0071222150)