LT6082 - Visitor Attraction Management (2021/22)
|Module specification||Module approved to run in 2021/22|
|Module title||Visitor Attraction Management|
|Module level||Honours (06)|
|Credit rating for module||15|
|School||Guildhall School of Business and Law|
|Total study hours||150|
|Running in 2021/22||
‘Visitor Attraction Management’ considers visitor attractions from the perspective of the tourism industry – as a product that is managed and marketed to tourists to meet visitor expectations and maximise visitor satisfaction while ensuring financial security in a dynamic external environment.
The module covers visitor attractions in the commercial, pubic and not for profit sectors. In order to understand the operation of these attractions, consideration to the main management functions including finance, marketing, visitor experience management, facilities management, interpretation and education is given. Specific issues related to the management of sensitive sites (such as sacred sites and dark heritage sites) are considered. Ethical issues in the management of visitor attractions are dealt with in areas such as the handling of live collections (zoos and aquaria), the treatment of human remains, the provenance of collections, restitution and repatriation.
Whatever the attraction (theme park, museum, temple or battlefield) - they all need to maintain the appropriate balance of visitor engagement, enjoyment, excitement and enlightenment. In addition, they need to continually adapt to the dynamic social, economic and political environment in which they operate. To that end, the module emphasises the need for organisations to think ahead strategically and develop plans to build on their strengths and exploit the opportunities in the wider environment in order to retain and improve their market position.
The module aims to give students the analytical skills to evaluate a visitor attraction and apply management principles to devise strategic options for organisations that will address internal and external challenges.
The syllabus presents the place of visitor attractions and their management within tourism; visitors as consumers, visitor demand and motivation. Among key management functions within visitor attractions the following are discussed: funding and revenue management; marketing, branding and public relations; interpretation; education; facilities management; visitor experience management. LO1
Managing sensitive sites (sacred and dark heritage) and ethical issues are debated before the wider social, economic, political, technological and environmental context in which attractions operate. Finally, the module analyses strategic thinking and planning in visitor attractions. LO2
Balance of independent study and scheduled teaching activity
The lectures will deliver the core ideas, concepts, and theories. The seminars will explore through discussion, workshops, visits and guest speakers the application of the conceptual material to practical case studies. The role of the classes is to define the parameters of the module subject matter, to identify materials for student research and to provide guidance and advice for the student to develop an analytical case study of a visitor attraction of their choice.
A formative, non-assessed presentation will provide initial guidance on the case study feeding forward into assignment 1 (the audit), which in turn will be developed into a strategic plan for the chosen organisation. Weblearn is used to provide supporting materials – academic sources and industry case studies.
On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:
1. Demonstrate a critical understanding of the principal management functions within visitor attractions
2. Identify the key strategic options available to visitor attractions and recommend the actions to be taken in the light of the internal and external environment analysis
The assessment programme consists of two components.
The first assessment is an internal audit (1500 words) of a visitor attraction chosen by the student in consultation with the tutor. The student collects, selects and analyses data concerning the operation of the chosen attraction, identifying its strengths and weaknesses. Feedback on this assignment feeds forward to the consultative report, where students will be required to extend the analysis beyond internal environment.
The second assignment is a consultative report (3000 words) outlining the strategic direction which the attraction should take to address internal issues and the external environment in which the organisation operates.
Assessment tariff alignment: L6 (15 credits) max. 5000 words
• Audit report (1500 words)
• Consultative report with recommendations (3000 words)
• Swarbrooke, J., Page, S. (2015) Development and Management of Visitor Attractions, 2nd ed., Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.
• Edelheim, J. R. (2015) Tourist attractions – from object to narrative, Channel View Publications
• Du Cros, H., McKercher, B. (2015) Cultural Tourism, 2nd ed., Routledge.
• Fyall, A., Garrod, B., Leask, A., Wanhill, S. (Eds.) (2008) Managing Visitor Attractions: New Directions, 2nd ed., Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
• Hassanien, A., Dale, C. (eds) (2013) Facilities management and development for tourism, hospitality and events, Wallingford: CABI
• Scott, N., Gao, J., Ma, J. (eds) (2017) Visitor Experience Design, Wallingford: CABI
• Shackley, M. (2001) Managing sacred sites, service provision and visitor experience, Continuum
• Stein, A. (2015) Attracting attention: promotion and marketing for tourism attractions, New York: Peter Lang Publishing
• Weidenfeld, A., Butler, R., Williams, A.M. (2016) Visitor attractions and events: locations and linkages, Routledge
• Annals of Tourism Research
• Cultural Trends
• Journal of Cultural Heritage
• Journal of International Heritage Studies
• Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship
• Museums Journal
• Tourism Management
• Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (ALVA); www.alva.org.uk/
• English Heritage; www.english-heritage.org.uk/
• Historic England; https://historicengland.org.uk
• International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS); https://www.icomos.org/en/
• International Council of Museums (ICOM); http://icom.museum/
• National Trust; www.nationaltrust.org.uk
• Business Source Ultimate
• Emerald Management E-Journals
• Ingenta Connect
• Leisure Tourism Database
• Mintel Reports
• Science Direct